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Agra - City Of The Mughals

One of the best tourist attractions in India was once ruled by the Mughals and Lodhis and dates back to almost 14th Century. Situated in the state of Uttar Pradesh the illuminated city houses palaces, UNESCO World Heritage Sites apart from most famous historical monument Taj Mahal. ‘Agraban’ meaning ‘paradise’ is located on the banks of the River Yamuna. Agra is a well connected place with its airport called Kheria Airport for domestic airlines. There are three National Highways that run through the beautiful tourist city – NH-2, NH-3, NH-11.

Major Attractions of Agra:

  • Red Fort of Agra

    Started by the Emperor Akbar, each Mughal descendant contributed their monument in the ‘Red Sandstone Fortress’. Out of its 4 high entrances two remain closed. The front gate is called ‘Delhi Gate’ and South Gate is called ‘Amar Singh Gate’. Its 70 feet high red sandstone walls are believed to guard treasure including ‘The Kohinoor.’

  • Jama Masjid:

    Built by Shah Jahan for his daughter Jahanara Begum, this zigzag designed red stone and marble architecture took six years with over 5000 people to complete. The unique design found on the domes is very rare. This stands opposite the Delhi Gate and is a must visit to understand the talent and architecture of the Mughal era.

  • Palace of Jodha Bai:

    Akbar’s third wife and one of three chief queens was Jodha Bai. The most significant part of Imperial Harem contained Chapparkhats with eight pillars, Vedikas, and triangular Khaprel rooftops and semi circled domes with glazed tiles designs.

  • Panch Mahal:

    This four- storied columned structure narrows down with each upward floor akin to a strong tower. The ground floor is made of 84 columns. The ‘Badgir’ meaning ‘wind- catcher’ had a ‘jaali’ so queens would view the forts of Fatehpur Sikri while getting a feel of the splendid breeze. The pillars were covered with ‘pardah’ for the privacy of queens and princesses.

  • Tomb of Itimad-Ud-Daula:

    This means ‘Pillar of Empire’ and was the title given to father-in –law of Jahangir. This structure pens the touching story of the Wazir called Ghiyas Beg in whose memory the first structure made of complete marble was built. Jahangir married Noor Jahan who ordered for a tomb in her father’s memorial.

  • Taj Mahal

    This is one of the most famous tourist attractions especially for the romantic ones. This marble structure is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Minarets showcase the thoughtfulness as they are built to fall outwards incase of earthquake. This was built by Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. At 1030 HRS, you will arrive at Agra and enjoy your breakfast by appealing view of the Taj Mahal. Afterward, you can explore the beauty of Taj Mahal at 1500 HRS by Palace on Wheels train.

Best Time to Visit Agra

Extreme weather conditions in Agra means scorching summers up to 48O Centigrade and freezing winters as low as 2O Centigrade. Carry proper summer gear including sunglasses, cotton clothing, etc to visit during summer. The Uttar Pradesh Tourism Department organizes a colorful, eventful 10 days festival called Taj Mahotsav during February. Get to watch traditional performances, folk dances, and participate in activities like camel ride, elephant ride, and others. Taste the lip smacking cuisine of traditional Indian dishes too. During winter months, November to February, there is chance of less travel due to heavy fog. So, the best time to visit the historical monumental place of Agra is from the months of June to November.

How to Reach Agra

  • By Air

    Only Air India flights connect to the nearest Kheria Airport which is a commercial airport and also a military base 13 km from Agra. Once there get to the city by hiring a taxi. Agra is well connected to most of the cities across India.

  • By Train

    There are famous luxury trains to Agra from city Delhi. You can also travel with the different itineraries through Maharajas Express and Deccan Odyssey train such as:

Journeys of Maharajas Express Train:

Journeys of Decan Odyssey Train:

  • Indian Odyssey : Enjoy onboard breakfast on the Indian luxury train and you will reach Agra on Day 3.
  • Indian Sojourn : On Day 5, train will reach Agra and you will ready to explore Taj Mahal.

Shopping in Agra :

There is a lot of shopping to do in Agra so keep enough time for it. There are mini marble Taj Mahal embellishments, exquisite jewelry and handicrafts, intricate stone carvings unique craft work on fabrics and golden looking furniture worth your time.