Bharatpur National Park – A Complete Guide

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is one of the finest bird sanctuaries and is also called as “Keoladeo Ghana National Park”.The name “Keoladeo” is derived from the old Hindu temple, and is dedicated to Lord Shiva.”Ghana” means alluding to the thick woods which is thick and is used to cover the region. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is the home of over 230 species and is declared as the protected sanctuary in 1971.

Ajan Dam was built by Maharaj to prevent the floods in 1760, it leads to the extraction of soil for the dam which leads to the creation of Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

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Things to Do in Bharatpur National Park

1. Safari

Elephant Back Safari, Rickshaw safari and jeep rides are the three types of safaris available in Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. For the best views of birds, rikshaw safari and elephant back safari is preferred. Bookings for the jeeps will be available at the entrance of the sanctuary.


Safari in the jungle will starts from 6 AM and will end by 6 PM.


Own vehicles are allowed only till Shanti kutir and is 2 km from the entrance of the park and the charge for each vehicle is 50 Rs. Safari fee is 200 Rs for foreigners and 25 Rs for Indians. A video camera will be charged extra of 200 Rs.

Cycle Rickshaw Ride at Bharatpur National Park

Cycle Rickshaw Ride at Bharatpur National Park

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2. Fauna

Various migratory birds from Central Asia and Siberia are the primary attractions of Keoladeo National park. These birds usually spend their winters in Bharatpur and after they will move to their places.

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Various types of migratory birds include Pelicans, Cranes, Eagles, Geese, Ducks, Warblers, Flycatchers, Stints, Shanks, Pipits and Larks.

Jungle Babbler at Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

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3. Flora

Keoladeo National Park is an oasis of breathtaking calmness between the lively holiday spots of Agra and Jaipur. Forests here are dusty bio types with significant vegetation. Given that the forest here is a type of dry autumn, this place is decorated with medium-sized trees and shrubs.

The Kadam, Jamun and Babul trees cover most of the northeastern area of the park. The forest in the park consists of Babul with a small amount of Kandi and Ber. Aquatic garden vegetation is rich and sufficient for waterfowl food needs.

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Places Near Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

1.  Lohagarh Fort

Lohagarh Fort is a distinct masterpiece in Rajasthan built in the 18th century by Jat ruler Maharaja Suraj Mal. It is also known as Iron Fort and is one of the strongest forts in India. It contains 2 gates, Chowburja on the south and Ashtdhaatu on the north. Purana Mahal, Mahal Khas and Kamra Mahal are the three palaces in this Fort.

Lohagarh Fort Bharatpur

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2.  Deeg Palace

Deeg Fort is located in the Deeg town which is the capital of Jat kings built by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1730 AD. The fort has a wall that stretches for 8 km and a gate that is guarded by anti-elephant attacks. Although the interior was almost destroyed now, the Watchtower still towered over the city and palace. Among the 12 towers inside the fort, the biggest is Lakha Burj in the northwest corner.

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All the extensive gardens are well maintained and often visited by locals. Fort includes numerous castles like Sheesh Mahal, Purana Mahal Gopal Bhavan, Nand Bhavan, Keshav Bhavan, Kishan Bhavan, Suraj Bhavan and all these palaces combine to make Deeg palace.

Deeg Palace

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3.  Government Museum Bharatpur

Government Museum displays the rich acquisition of archaeological wealth in Bharatpur and is located in the centre of Lohagarh Fort. The central hall of the museum is well known for the collection of 2 nd century. It also includes sculptures of the 1st century to 19th century AD.

The exhibits also include manuscripts paintings, Jat rulers in battles and zoological preserves. The art gallery depicts miniature portraits on the leaves of the peepal, Mika and old litho papers, along with sketches of Maharaja Bharatpur. It is situated in the Lohagarh fort and is easily accessible by road.

Government Museum Bharatpur

Best Places to Stay in Bharatpur

1.  Bharatpur Forest Lodge

Bharatpur Forest Lodge is located 1.5 km from the Bird Sanctuary entrance. It contains 17 AC rooms which are well furnished and also contains hot and cold water with a private balcony to view Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.

2.  Hotel Laxmi Vilas Palace

It is one of the beautiful palaces which is turned into the hotel. It contains 30 extensive rooms which contain all the luxuries and time frame style, old fashioned furniture and barely selected rooms.

Hotel Laxmi Vilas is located near Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary at kakaji ki Kothi. All hotel rooms have joined up with exquisite and exquisite luxury bathrooms, having offices of hot and cold running water.

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Hotel Laxmi Vilas Palace, Bharatpur

Tips to Visit Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

  • Try to reach the sanctuary at least one hour before the schedule as it requires the basic form filling formalities.
  • Maintain an appropriate distance from flora and fauna, causing any harm to them is a serious offence.
  • Make sure to carry a hat, water bottle, sunscreen lotion, mosquito repellent and binoculars for having a closer look at the birds.
  • It is best to have a boat ride in the early morning or late evening as it is considered as the best time to spot the beautiful birds.

Best Time to Visit

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is open all around the year. August to November is the time to witness resident birds and October to February is the time for the sight of migratory birds.

How to Reach?

Bharatpur is an impregnable city and is located in the east of Rajasthan. All the major cities like Agra, Delhi, Gwalior are well connected with this city.

By Road:

NH-11 connects Agra with Bharatpur which takes 5 hours to reach this place. Most of the tourist prefer to drive from Delhi and Jaipur.

By Train:

Bharatpur railway station is located at a distance of 6 km from the sanctuary. You can also take the luxury train Palace on Wheels. On Day 7, you will reach the Bharatpur.

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By Air:

Agra is the nearest airport which is located at a distance of 56 km.

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